Timeline

Shrewsbury Time-Line

This is an ongoing work in progress and will be edited, updated and added to.

650

Wroxeter or Viriconium, had been an important Roman city and by this time was the capital of the Cornovii, the local tribe. It was in use through to the mid-7th c (century) and still displayed features generally regarded as characteristically urban. [1] As the Romans adopted Christianity it is likely to have developed as a Christian centre with a local Bishop. Debate continues about when Viroconium was finally abandoned. At this time control of the region passed from the British to Mercian who established the settlement of Wreocensaete, those living near the Wrekin.[2]

 

Our town may have developed and taken on the role as the religious centre and a centre of communications with main roads north to Chester, south to Ludlow, east to London and west to the border lands along the Sabrina (Severn) Valley. It was easier to defend being surrounded by water with the narrow isthmus in the north. At least two early churches were built on the top of its two hills. There is some evidence that the west tower, added much later, used redressed stone from Wroxeter. Lewis slot at the base.

700

ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE – the footprint of an earlier church was found in Old St Chads Church which shows it was in use late in the 7thc. In St Mary`s Church archaeologic evidence of an earlier church came to light in the 19th c, when a heating system was installed in the nave.

778

The town was captured by the Saxons, under Offa, King of Mercia

901

EVIDENCE Pin found in old St Chads from 8th  – 9th c [3]

EVIDENCE Earliest surviving historical record of a transfer of land in Much Wenlock signed in Shrewsbury, which by this time was a Saxon Burh, it was defended with ramparts, ditches and troops.It had also developed as a religious centre and an administrative centre. This was a time that the Saxons were reorganising, under Edward the Elder, following Alfred`s desire to create a kingdom of the Anglo-Saxons, and larger towns were attached to surrounding areas and early or proto shires were created. [4]  This shire was known as Scrobbesbyrigcire.

1006

EVIDENCE Ethelred II (the Unready) spent Christmas at Scrobbesbyrigscire[5]

1016

Edmund Ironside punished the town for revolting in support of Canute.

1066

Prior to the conquest Shrewsbury had become a royal town, the king received £7 16s 8d from the 252 Burgesses who paid him rent for their houses. An  average 7 ½d.

1069

Shrewsbury was besieged by the Welsh, but it was successfully defended by the Normans.

 

1075

The Norman Roger de Montgomery was made Earl of Shrewsbury.

He built the first castle here and pushed the English/Welsh border west into Powys. 51 household were knocked down to create space to build the castle.

St Michael`s was built within the outer bailey and later became a royal free chapel.

 

1083

The Benedictine Shrewsbury Abbey was founded by Roger de Montgomery.

 

Orderic Vitalis, was born in Atcham and became a scholar and noted historian and recorded that Shrewsbury was a royal stronghold.

 

1102

The Earl of Shrewsbury, Robert de Belleme, was exiled to Normandy following an unsuccessful rebellion.

 

1116

There was an assembly of nobles at Shrewsbury who swore allegiance to William, the son of the Empress Maud.

 

1137

Bones of St Winifred brought to the Abbey from Gwytherin via the leper hospital St Giles where they awaited permission of the bishop to take them to the Abbey where they effected cures of the sick.

 

1138

Shrewsbury Castle was captured by King Stephen. However, the future Henry II would regain the castle before the end of Stephen’s reign.

 

1170 (c)

The present Shrewsbury Castle was built around this time, during the reign of Henry II.

 

1214

Shrewsbury was captured by Llewelyn of Wales in December.

 

1220

The forces of Henry III retook Shrewsbury.

 

1233

Shrewsbury was again taken by the Welsh but it was held only briefly by them before being retaken by Henry III.

 

1255

An Augustinian friary was founded in Shrewsbury.

 

1260

Lawrence de Ludlow born and became a great wool merchant

In this decade the Market House was built on the site of the present Old Market Hall.

 

1272

Edward 1 (Longshanks) becomes King of England

 

1277

Edward I established his residence at Shrewsbury together with his Courts of King’s Bench and Exchequer.

 

Later Lawrence de Ludlow lends money to Edward I

 

1294

Lawrence is lost at sea with his brother John

 

1298

Edward I defeats William Wallace at Stirling

 

1300 (c)

Shrewsbury Castle was enlarged by Edward I.

 

 

1314

Robert the Bruce and Scottish army defeat English army led by Edward II

1322

Edward II held a grand tournament at Shrewsbury.

 

1387

Richard II visited Shrewsbury.

 

1398

Richard II held a Parliament at Shrewsbury on January 27th

 

1403

The Battle of Shrewsbury took place on July 21st with the forces of Henry IV and Prince Henry defeating a rebel army led by Hotspur. Hotspur was killed and his uncle, the Earl of Worcester, captured and executed. Owen Glendower arrived too late for the battle.

 

1444

Drapers Alms houses built in front of St Mary`s

 

1450 (c)

The Abbot’s House, in Butcher Row, was built.

 

1462

Drapers get charter from Edward IV

 

1472

The second and third sons of Edward IV, Richard and George, were born at the Dominican friary in Shrewsbury.

 

Edward’s son Edward V reigned for a very brief three months at the young age of thirteen before he and his younger brother, Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York, were moved to the Tower of London and then vanished shortly after Edward IV  died. Whilst rumours have circulated about their apparent demise over the years, the true reason for their disappearance (purported to be by order of their Uncle and ‘Protector’ Richard, Duke of Gloucester) has never been discovered. The next (and last) Yorkist to take the throne was Edward’s youngest brother Richard III, who was killed at the Battle of Bosworth near Leicestershire in 1485, thus also becoming the last of the Plantagenet kings.

 

 

1484

Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, was executed at Shrewsbury.

 

1485

Henry, Earl of Richmond, was first proclaimed Henry VII at Shrewsbury.

 

1536 – 1540

Dissolution of the Monasteries starts

 

1545

Henry VIII declares C of E and Catholic property is sold off or vandalised, iconoclasm evidence with the Font in St Mary`s and at the Abbey the removal of the monks canteen

 

1553

King Edward VI Grammar School was founded in Shrewsbury.

 

1595

The Old Market Hall was built.

 

1630

Shrewsbury Grammar School was rebuilt.

 

 

 

1644

During the Civil War, Shrewsbury was taken by the parliamentarians under Colonel Thomas Mytton.

 

1645

Shrewsbury’s town walls were largely destroyed by the parliamentarians at the end of the Civil War.

 

1687

James II visited Shrewsbury.

 

1745

The Shropshire Infirmary was founded.

 

1757

The Black Hole of Calcutta. When news of the ‘Black Hole’ reached London, a relief expedition led by Robert Clive was immediately assembled and subsequently arrived in Calcutta in October. After a prolonged siege, Fort William fell to the British in January 1757. Later in June, Clive and a force of just 3,000 men defeated the Newab’s 50,000 strong army at the Battle of Plassey. The success of the British at Plassey is often cited as the start of large-scale colonial rule in India, a rule that lasted until independence in 1947.[6]

 

 

1761

Robert Clive, renowned as Clive of India, became MP for Shrewsbury and remained so until his death in 1774. He became mayor of Shrewsbury in 1762.

 

1774

The English Bridge, across the Severn, was built.

 

1788

Thomas Telford recently appointed County Architect is consulted and forecasts the collapse of old St Chads Church

 

1790

The decayed Shrewsbury Castle was rebuilt by Thomas Telford as a private residence for Sir William Pulteney.

Timber frame house outside the Castle re-located from Dogpole for Anne Harrison

 

1792

St Chad’s Church, in St Chad’s Terrace, was built.

 

1793

The County Gaol was built at Shrewsbury.

 

1795

The Welsh Bridge, across the Severn, was built.

 

1805

The Pontcysyllte Aqueduct was opened on 26th November 1805, having taken ten years to design, build and test. The total cost for the project was £47,000 (close to £3,000,000 in today’s money). The careful planning that Telford dedicated to the project ensured that only one fatality was recorded during the entire construction period.[7]

 

1809

Charles Darwin, author of ‘Origin of the Species’, was born in Shrewsbury.

 

1812

General Rowland Hill becomes M.P.for Shrewsbuy

 

1814

Work starts on building the Column as Napoleon is captured

 

1815

Napoleon escapes and is beaten at Waterloo, Viscount Rowland Hill is on the field.

 

1816

Column opens and Lord Hill is celebrated and later in 1828 becomes General Hill Commander in chief of the British Army

 

1830

St. Michael’s Church was built.

 

1835

Shrewsbury Municipal Borough was created by the Corporation Acts to put aside corruption.

Shrewsbury was abolished in 1974, Shrewsbury and Atcham. Guilds power to appoint public officers was eliminated

 

 

1836

The Town Hall and County Court were built.

 

1841 Benjamin Disraeli becomes M P for Shrewsbury until 1847. He spoke against the repeal of the Corn Laws to protect farmers from cheap imports of food.  Prime Minister from Staffordshire voted against protectionism.

 

1848

Shrewsbury railway station was opened, in October, on the Shrewsbury to Chester Line.

 

1848

Representatives of the public schools of Shrewsbury, Winchester, Eton, Harrow and Rugby produced the first set of rules for the game of football at a meeting at Trinity College, Cambridge. However, it was not until the formation of the Football Association in 1863 when a universally accepted set of rules were agreed.

 

1856

Shrewsbury Cathedral, on Town Walls designed by Edward Pugin, was completed. Young Pugin and Young Talbot took over from their fathers to complete the job.

 

Old Shrewsbury Show banned by Home secretary

See Blog    My Shrewsbury Tonight  –   Wednesday, 29 May 2013  –   Written by the late Pauline Fisk

 

 

 

1886

Shrewsbury Town Football Club was founded.

 

1891

The population of Shrewsbury according to the census was 26,967. Shrewsbury Golf Club founded

 

1910

Gay Meadow, former home ground of Shrewsbury Town FC, was opened. The stadium was closed in 2007.

 

1911

The population of Shrewsbury according to the census was 29,389.

 

1914

The Royal Show held in Shrewsbury on the racecourse at Monkmoor

 

1922

The Porthill Bridge, between The Quarry and Porthill, was built.

 

1924

Shrewsbury Castle was purchased by Shropshire Horticultural Society and gifted to the town.

 

1926

The English Bridge, across the Severn, was rebuilt and widened.

 

1931

The population of Shrewsbury according to the census was 32,372.

 

1951

The Castle Walk Footbridge was built. It was the first concrete and cantilever bridge to be built in the country.

 

1961

The population of Shrewsbury according to the census was 49,566.

 

1967

The Shirehall and Law Courts were opened.

 

1974

Under the Local Government Act (1972), the Borough of Shrewsbury and Atcham was created from a merger of the former Municipal Borough of Shrewsbury and Atcham Rural District.

 

2001

The population of Shrewsbury according to the census was 70,689.

 

2006

The first Shrewsbury Folk Festival took place.

 

2007

The New Meadow, home of Shrewsbury Town F.C., was opened.

 

 

Notes on Sportsment to follow up.

Arthur Rowley football leagues highest goal scorer

Joe Hart plays for England

James Taylor beat many schoolboy batting records while playing cricket at Shrewsbury School

 

 

[1] Baker N. Shrewsbury p 83-86

[2] VCH & Nigel Baker Shrewsbury p 6

[3] Pin V C H

[4] VCH & Nigel Baker Shrewsbury p7-8

[5] Anglo Saxon Chronicle, sn early name for Shropshire

[6] http://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofBritain/The-Black-Hole-of-Calcutta/

[7] http://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryMagazine/DestinationsUK/Pontcysylite-Aqueduct/